Izingxenye ze-Laser Machine ze-Marker, i-Engraver, i-Cutter

  • F-theta Laser Scanning Lens | 355nm | 532nm | 1064nm…

    I-F-theta Laser Scanning Lens | 355nm | 532nm | 1064nm…

    I-F-theta Laser Scan Lens Nge-Fused Silica ne-Optical Glass, i-1064nm, i-355nm, i-532nm, i-10600nm… Uchungechunge olujwayelekile lwensimbi yokuskena kwensimu eyisicaba lwenzelwe ukulingana izicelo eziningi zokumaka ezimakethe. Ilensi ejwayelekile imboza ibanga lobude besikhathi kusuka ku-ultraviolet (UV) kuye kwi-infrared (IR) nobude obugxile busuka ku-63mm kuye ku-1450mm. Imininingwane Yesithombe Somkhiqizo 355nm Fused Silica 532nm Optical Glass 1064nm Fused Silica 1064nm Optical Glas ...
  • Telecentric F-theta Scanning Lens China | 355nm | 532nm | 1064nm…

    I-Telecentric F-theta Iskena Lens China | 355nm | 532nm | 1064nm…

    I-Telecentric Laser F-theta Lens Fused Silica ne-Optical Glass, 1064nm, 355nm, 532nm, 10600nm Coating I-angle yomthelela wesibuko se-telecentric f-theta flat-field silawulwa ngokuqinile ukuze ugongolo lokukhipha lucishe lubhekane nendiza esebenza nganoma iyiphi i-field-of-view angle. Njengomphumela, ukuzungeza, ukufana (i-X-axis, i-Y-axis direction), kanye ne-perpendicularity (ukuqondiswa kwe-Z-axis) kwephoyinti eligxile kungathuthukiswa kakhulu ngaphezu kwabo bonke ububanzi bokumaka. Yingakho i-telecentric f ...
  • EZCAD2 Interface | SDK | API | Software Library | MarkEzd.dll File

    Isixhumanisi se-EZCAD2 | SDK | I-API | Ilabhulali Yesoftware | I-MarkEzd.dll Ifayela

    I-EZCAD Software Library | SDK | I-API | Ifayela le-MarkEzd.dll Nge-EZCAD Software Development Kit, amakhasimende angahlanganisa imisebenzi eminingi ye-EZCAD2 kwisoftware yawo noma athuthukise isoftware entsha ye-laser efana ne-EZCAD2 yemishini yezimboni noma imishini eyenziwe ngezifiso, esetshenziswa kakhulu ekusetshenzisweni kwe-laser galvo processing njengokumaka, ukugcoba, umbhalo, iwelding, ukusika… Uhlu lomsebenzi olujwayelekile Idivayisi lmc1_Cloxxx Kuvaliwe i-Lmc isilawuli lmc1_Inixxx Initial the controller lmc1_Inixxx Ini ...
  • SLM | SLS | SLA 3D Laser Printing Software China

    I-SLM | I-SLS | I-SLA 3D Laser Ukuphrinta Software China

    Uhlelo lokulawula iphrinta lwe-JCZ 3D luqukethe isoftware (i-SLA software / SLS / SLMLibrary) ne-hardware (DLC-3DP 3D controller controller), engasetshenziswa ku-SLA, SLS kanye ne-SLM 3D printer, enezindleko eziphansi nokuhambisana okuphezulu.
  • EZCAD2 Laser Marking Software

    I-EZCAD2 Laser Marking Software

    I-EZCAD2 Laser ne-Galvo Control Software ye-Laser Marking, i-Etching, i-Engraving, i-Cutting, i-Welding… i-EZCAD2 software isebenza ne-LMC series controller: LMCV4 (USB2.0 Interface) noma i-LMCPCIE (PCI-E Interface). Yethulwe ngo-2004 futhi manje ingenye yesoftware elawulwa kakhulu nge-laser ne-galvo ikakhulukazi embonini yokumaka i-laser. Ngesilawuli esifanele, iyahambisana ne-laser eningi yezimboni emakethe: i-Fiber, i-CO2, i-UV, i-Green ... ne-laser yedijithali ...
  • Laser Galvo Marking Control Software EZCAD3

    Isoftware ye-Laser Galvo Marking Control EZCAD3

    I-EZCAD3 Laser ne-Galvo Control Software ye-Laser Marking, i-Etching, i-Engraving, i-Cutting, i-Welding… i-EZCAD3 isebenza nge-DLC2 series laser controller, enekhono lokulawula izinhlobo eziningi zama-lasers (i-Fiber, CO2, UV, Green, YAG, Picosecond, Femtosecond… ) emakethe, enemikhiqizo efana ne-IPG, Coherent, Rofin, Raycus, Max Photonics, JPT, Reci, neDawei… Ngokuqondene nokulawulwa kwe-laser galvo, kuze kube nguJan 2020, iyahambisana ne-2D ne-3D laser galvo ene-XY2-100 ne- Iphrothokholi ye-SL2-100, evela ...
  • 2D/3D Laser and Galvo Controller – DLC Series EZCAD3

    I-2D / 3D Laser neGalvo Isilawuli - I-DLC Series EZCAD3

    I-Laser ne-Galvo Controller Board ye-2D ne-3D Laser Marking kanye nezinye Izicelo ezine-Galvo DLC2 chungechunge isizukulwane esisha se-laser isilawuli esakhiwe yi-JCZ, esebenza nesoftware ye-EZCAD3. Ingalawula iningi le-fiber laser emakethe ngqo nezinye izinhlobo zemithombo ye-laser efana ne-CO2, UV, Green, Picosecond ne-Femtosecond nayo ingalawulwa ngebhodi yesibonisi esincane. Iphinde iyahambisana 2-eksisi kanye 3D-eksisi laser galvo isithwebuli kokubili XY2-100 futhi S ...
  • PCIE Interface Laser and Galvo Controller LMCPCIE Series

    I-PCIE Interface Laser ne-Galvo Isilawuli se-LMCPCIE Series

    I-PCIE Interface Laser kanye neGalvo Isilawuli se-Laser Marking, i-Etching, i-Engraving… I-PCI-E laser interface kanye ne-galvo isilawuli sixhuma i-motherboard ye-PC yezimboni ngqo, okuqinisa kakhulu ukuzinza koxhumano. Lesi silawuli sihlome kabanzi ngemishini ye-laser ene-galvo (Ukumaka, ukuqopha, ukushisela, ukusika, ukugcoba…) kwemigqa yokukhiqiza ezenzakalelayo. Imininingwane Yezithombe Zomkhiqizo Imibuzo Evame Ukubuzwa ...
  • SLM | SLA | SLS 3D Laser Printing Controller China

    I-SLM | SLA | Isilawuli se-SLS 3D Laser Printing China

    Isilawuli se-3D Laser Printing for SLM, SLS, SLA… Isilawuli sokuphrinta se-DLC-3DP 3D senzelwe i-SLM, i-SLS ne-SLA. Ingalawula ama-laser galvo scanner ane-XY2-100 (16-bit), XY2-100 (18-bit), SL2-100 (20-bit) nezinhlobo eziningi ze-laser emakethe njenge-fiber, CO2, UV, YAG, QCW, SPI… Amasampula Imininingwane Imininingwane Isicelo SLA, SLS Connection Indlela USB2.0 Ukusekela Laser CO2, Fibre, UV, SPI, QCW… Scanhead T ...
  • Laser and Galvo Controller LMCV4 Series EZCAD2

    I-Laser ne-Galvo Isilawuli se-LMCV4 Series EZCAD2

    Isilawuli se-Laser ne-Galvo se-Laser Marking, i-Etching, i-Engraving, i-Welding, i-Cutting… i-LMCV4 chungechunge le-laser isilawuli isebenza nesoftware ye-EZCAD2 nge-USB2.0. Ingenye yama-lasers kanye nabalawuli be-galvo emakethe, ngentengo yokuncintisana nokuqina okuphezulu. Iyahambisana nemithombo eminingi ye-laser yezimboni efana ne-fiber, i-UV, i-CO2, noluhlaza okotshani. Ikhanda le-Laser galvo isithwebuli nge-XY2-100 protocol lingalawulwa. Yamukelwa kabanzi ngabahlanganisi bohlelo lwe-laser lomhlaba jikelele lwe ...
  • 5 Axis Mould Laser Surface Texturing Machine China

    Umshini we-5 Axis Mold Laser Surface Texturing China

    Umshini Wokunemba Okuphakeme we-Laser Precision 5 Axis Imininingwane Model Model LEM Stroke X-Axis 1100mm Y-Axis 750mm Z-Axis 440mm B-Axis -60 ° to ﹢ 60 ° C-Axis 360 ° Work Table Dimension 630 * 630 / φ900 Max Loading Capacity (KG) I-1000 Laser Power ye-Laser 100W Ukunemba kwe-Axis Indawo X-Axis 0.01mm Y-Axis 0.01mm Z-Axis 0.01mm B-Axis 7, C-Axis 8, Ukunemba kwe-Axis Relocation X-Axis 0.008mm Y-Axis ...
  • Versatile Resistor Laser Trimming Machine – TS4210 Series

    I-Resistor Laser Yokucheba Umshini - I-TS4210 Series

    Umshini Wokusika Izinto Ezinhlobonhlobo Womshini Wokunciphisa Umzimba Womzimba Omncane Wokuqina Wokuqina we-TS4210 waklanywa futhi waklanywa yi-SharpSpeed ​​Precision (Inkampani eyi-100% engaphansi kweJCZ) yemakethe esebenza kahle yokunciphisa. Ingenza ukusika okuqondile kwe-laser kumingcele efanelekile yamasekethe ahlanganisiwe ahlukahlukene wefilimu / obukhulu. Ifanele ukusikwa kwe-laser izinzwa zengcindezi, izinzwa zamanje, izinzwa ze-photoelectric, amashaja, ama-attenuator neminye imikhiqizo. M ...
  • Potentiometer/Position Sensor  Laser Trimming Machine China – TS4410 Series

    Umshini we-Potentiometer / Position Sensor Laser Ukusika Umshini China - TS4410 Series

    Umshini wePotentiometer / Position Sensor Laser Trimmer Machine - TS4410 High Precision Umshini wokucheba i-TS4410 uchungechunge we-potentiometer / displacement sensor laser uklanyelwe imakethe ye-potentiometer kanye ne-linear displacement sensor market. Umshini wokucheba i-laser ngokunemba awukwazisi ukunciphisa umugqa we-Resistor kuphela, kodwa futhi nokunciphisa ukumelana okuphelele kwe-Resistor ngasikhathi sinye. Lo mshini usetshenziselwa kakhulu ukusika i-laser kuzo zonke izinhlobo zokunemba ...
  • Ultraviolet (UV) Laser 355nm- JPT Seal 3W 5W 10W 15W

    Ultraviolet (UV) Laser 355nm- JPT Seal 3W 5W 10W 15W

    I-JPT UV Laser Seal Series 355nm, 3W, 5W Qhathanisa ne-IR laser, inqubo ye-laser laser igqabula ngqo isibopho sento yamakhemikhali, Inqubo ikhiqiza ukushisa okuncane kakhulu ukunciphisa umphumela oshisayo, izinto ezicutshungulwayo ziphendukela ezingeni le-Atom, ukunciphisa ukungcoliswa kuya imvelo. Isici se-UV laser sifushane ngobude, usayizi omncane wendawo, amandla amakhulu, isisombululo esiphezulu, kuhle ukumaka ngokunemba, Imfuneko yomugqa we-linewidth omncane, ukumakwa kwekhwalithi ephezulu, umphumela omncane oshisayo, futhi ne ...
  • Ultraviolet (UV) Laser 355nm- JPT Lark 3W Air Cooling

    I-Ultraviolet (UV) Laser 355nm- JPT Lark 3W Ukupholisa Umoya

    I-JPT UV Laser Lark Series 355nm, 3W, i-Air Cooling Lark-355-3A ingumkhiqizo wakamuva we-UV wochungechunge lwe-Lark, esebenzisa indlela yokuphatha ezishisayo ehlanganisa ukushisa kokushisa kokushisa kanye nomoya we-convection heat dissipation. Uma kuqhathaniswa ne-Seal-355-3S, ayidingi i-chiller yamanzi. Uma uqhathanisa neminye imikhiqizo, ngokuya ngamapharamitha we-optical, ububanzi be-pulse buncane (<18ns @ 40 KHZ), imvamisa yokuphindaphinda ingaphezulu (40KHZ), ikhwalithi yesigxobo ingcono (M2≤1.2), nendawo ephakeme ye-rou .. .
  • Ultraviolet (UV) Laser 355nm- Huaray Maple 3W Air Cooling

    I-Ultraviolet (UV) Laser 355nm- iHuaray Maple 3W Ukupholisa Umoya

    I-Huaray UV Laser 355nm 3W I-Maple yokupholisa umoya yi-nanosecond ephansi epholile emoyeni enamandla we-pulse ububanzi be-ultraviolet laser, elincane ngosayizi nokukhanya kwesisindo. I-fan ibekwa emgodini wokuqeda ukushisa ngokushesha ngaphandle kokupholisa amanzi. Ububanzi be-pulse obuncane ngokweqile bungasebenza kahle ezindaweni ezincane kakhulu ukuhlangabezana nezidingo zekhwalithi ephezulu zokucubungula i-laser. I-Huaray maple chungechunge ye-UV laser isetshenziswa kakhulu ekumakeni kwemboni ye-3C, imishini yasekhaya, umkhiqizo we-elekthronikhi ...
  • Ultraviolet (UV) Laser 355nm- Huaray China Polar 3W, 5W, 10W Water Cooling

    I-Ultraviolet (UV) Laser 355nm- Huaray China Polar 3W, 5W, 10W Ukupholisa Amanzi

    I-Huaray UV (Ultraviolet) Laser Source 355nm 3W, 5W, 12W Ukupholisa Amanzi I-Poplar series nanosecond lasers ye-UV inikezela ngomklamo omusha wazo zonke izinto, okulula ukuhlanganiswa. Ububanzi be-pulse obuncane kuma-frequency aphezulu, umthelela ophansi oshisayo kumiphetho yokucubungula, nokusebenza kahle okuphezulu kungatholakala. Ngasikhathi sinye ngokusebenza kwemvamisa kathathu, okunganweba ngempumelelo impilo ye-laser. Futhi umsebenzi wokuqapha online ongakhethwa ukuhlangabezana nezimo ezinzima zenqubo yezimboni ...
  • MOPA Fiber Laser – JPT LP 20W 30W 50W 60W 100W

    I-MOPA Fibre Laser - JPT LP 20W 30W 50W 60W 100W

    I-JPT MOPA Fibre Laser Source LP Series 20W, 30W, 50W, 60W, 100W Uchungechunge lwe-JPT LP yi-fiber laser esebenzisa ukucushwa kwe-master oscillator power amplifier (MOPA), enezici zekhwalithi ephezulu ze-laser namandla amahle wokulawula ukwakheka komumo. Uma kuqhathaniswa ne-Q-switched fiber lasers, i-LP chungechunge yama-lasers inokuguquguquka okukhulu, ingafinyelela uhla olubanzi lokulungiswa kwemvamisa, futhi ibe nokunemba okuphezulu kokulawula. Uma kuqhathaniswa nemikhiqizo yochungechunge lwe-M, umthombo wembewu usebenzisa isinxephezelo se-waveform, t ...
  • MOPA Fiber Laser – JPT M1 20W 30W

    I-MOPA Fibre Laser - JPT M1 20W 30W

    I-JPT MOPA Fibre Laser Source M1 Series 20W, 30W JPT M1 series MOPA laser is an entry-level of MOPA pulsed fiber laser. ngokuqhathanisa nochungechunge lwe-LP namanye ama-lasers we-fiber e-Q-switch pulsed. Inebanga elikhudlwana lemvamisa eguquguqukayo futhi ububanzi be-pulse buyashintsha. Kabanzi ngensimbi ebusweni ukucutshungulwa, uyaxebuka enamathela, alumina abamnyama wokumaka, umbala wokugubha semi-ukuziphatha & izimboni electronic. Kungani Uthenga Ku-JCZ? 1. Ubambiswano Lamasu ne-JPT Njengophathina wecebo, ...
  • MOPA Fiber Laser – JPT M6 20W 30W 70W

    I-MOPA Fibre Laser - JPT M6 20W 30W 70W

    I-EZCAD2 iyi-software ethembekile ye-laser ye-laser (i-Fibre, i-UV, i-CO2, i-Green) ne-galvo (XY2-100 protocal) control, esetshenziselwa kakhulu ukumaka i-laser, i-etching, umbhalo oqoshiwe, i-welding nemishini yokusika.
  • MOPA Fiber Laser China- JPT M7 20W-200W

    I-MOPA Fibre Laser China- JPT M7 20W-200W

    I-JPT MOPA Pulsed Fibre Laser Source M7 Series 20W, 30W, 60W, 100W, 200W I-JPT M7 series laser is a high-power fiber laser that has the master oscillator power amplifier configuration. Inezici ezinhle ze-laser namandla wokulawula ukwakheka kwenhliziyo okuhle. Uma kuqhathaniswa ne-Q-switched fiber laser, imvamisa ye-pulse nobubanzi be-pulse ye-MOPA fiber laser ilawulwa ngokuzimela. Ngokulungisa nokufanisa imingcele emibili ye-laser, okukhipha amandla okuphezulu okuphakeme njalo kanye nokubanzi ...
  • Q-Switched Pulsed Fiber Laser – Raycus RFL 20W | 30W | 50W | 100W |

    I-Q-Switched Pulsed Fibre Laser - iRaycus RFL 20W | 30W | 50W | 100W |

    I-Raycus Q-Switched Pulsed Fibre Laser 20W, 30W, 50W, 100W Uchungechunge olungu-10-100W Q-switched fiber fiber olwethulwe nguRaycus Laser luyindlela yokumaketha esezingeni lezimboni kanye ne-micro-processing laser eyenziwe nguRaycus Laser. Lolu chungechunge lwama-lasers ashaywayo anezici zamandla aphezulu aphakeme, amandla we-pulse single, nosayizi wobubanzi bendawo ongazikhethela. Zingasetshenziselwa kabanzi ukumakwa kwe-laser, ukucubungula ngokunemba, ukuqoshwa kwemidwebo kokungeyona insimbi, igolide eliphakeme lokuguqula, isiliva, ithusi, i-aluminium, ...
  • RAYCUS MOPA Series China |20W|60W|100W|

    I-RAYCUS MOPA Series China | 20W | 60W | 100W |

    I-Raycus MOPA I-Pulsed Fibre Laser 20W 30W 50W 100W I-pulse encane (Ebizwa nangokuthi i-MOPA) i-fiber laser eyethulwe nguRaycusLaser inamandla aphezulu aphakathi nendawo (20-100W), amandla aphakeme kakhulu (k15kW), izinhlobonhlobo zamapulse ububanzi bama-2-350ns, ibanga lokuphindaphindeka elingaguquguquki (10-1000kHz), isikhathi sokumisa ishayela esifushane, nobubanzi be-pulse bungaguqulwa ngesikhathi sangempela… Kuyisinqumo esihle sezinhlelo zokusebenza zezimboni emkhakheni we-photovoltaics yelanga, ukusika ifilimu, ukusika impahla, ukushisela , materi ...
  • High Power Q-Switched Pulsed Fiber Laser – Raycus RFL 100W-1000W

    Amandla aphezulu we-Q-Switched Pulsed Fiber Laser - uRaycus RFL 100W-1000W

    I-High Power Raycus Q-Switched Pulsed Fiber Laser 100W, i-200W, i-300W, i-500W, i-1000W Uchungechunge olusha lwemikhiqizo ephezulu ye-pulsed fiber laser eyethulwe nguRaycus inamandla amakhulu aphakathi nendawo (100-1000W), amandla we-pulse single, ukusatshalaliswa okufanayo indawo yamandla, ukusetshenziswa okulula, nokugcinwa kwamahhala, njll. Kuyindlela ye-Idea yezicelo zezimboni ekwelapheni isikhunta ebusweni, ukukhiqizwa kwezimoto, imboni yemikhumbi, izimboni zokukhiqiza amathayi nenjoloba ... Kungani uthenga kusuka ...
  • 2 Axis Laser Galvo Scanner GO7 Series China

    2 Axis Laser Galvo Scanner GO7 Uchungechunge China

    16 izingcezu XY-eksisi yedijithali laser galvanometer nge ngokunemba high, ngesivinini kanye nezindleko eziphansi, kabanzi ezinhlobonhlobo imishini laser ne galvo efana laser wokugubha, Welding, ukuzisika, umbhalo, etching ...
  • Cyclops 2 Axis Laser Galvo Scanner Head with CCD  GO7S

    ICyclops 2 Axis Laser Galvo Scanner Head ene-CCD GO7S

    ICyclops 2D Laser Galvo Head ene-CCD ye-Preview GO9 yochungechunge lwe-laser galvo isithwebuli senhloko sinomshayeli ogcwele wedijithali nenzwa ephezulu kakhulu, esetshenziselwa kakhulu ukumaka i-laser, ukudonswa, ukuqoshwa, ukusika, ukushisela ... nezinsimbi eziyi-18), i-SL2-100 (izingcezu ezingama-20), nesibuko esigcotshwe ngemitha engu-355nm, 532nm, 1064nm… Imibuzo Evame Ukubuzwa Imikhiqizo Yokucaciswa Kwezithombe Imodeli ye-GO7S-A Wavelength 355nm, 532 ...
  • 3D Laser Galvo Scan Head China with XYZ Axis – GO3D-T

    I-3D Laser Galvo Scan Head China ene-XYZ Axis - GO3D-T

    I-GO3D-T 3 Axis XYZ Dynamic Ifaka i-Laser Galvo Scanner Head ye-Laser Marking nezinye Izicelo i-GO3-T Series 3D i-laser galvo scanner ikhanda ino-eksisi ye-XYZ. I-ax-Z isebenza njenge-shifter yokugxila, ezoshintsha ibanga lokusebenza phakathi kwe-f-theta lens nezinto ngokuya ngobude bento. Ngokusebenza nesilawuli se-DLC2-M4-3D kanye ne-software ye-EZCAD3, ukucutshungulwa kwe-laser njengokumaka kungenziwa kalula nangempumelelo. Izithombe Zomkhiqizo ...
  • SCANLAB BasicCube/ScanCube China 2 Axis Laser Galvo Scanner Head

    I-SCANLAB BasicCube / ScanCube China 2 Axis Laser Galvo Scanner Inhloko

    I-SCANLAB BasicCube, i-SCANcube, i-SCANcubeⅢ, i-intelliSCAN i-Galvo Scanner I-laser galvo scanner amakhanda ahlinzeka ngamandla amakhulu nekhwalithi yomkhiqizo omuhle kakhulu kusayizi elincane kakhulu lephakethe. Umsebenzi ophumelelayo wekhanda lesithwebuli se-galvo ochungechungeni lwe-intellicube® uhlanganisa ipulatifomu ye-SCANcube® intelligence® ephumelelayo. It has ukubekwa uphawu, manzi futhi dustproof, usayizi encane, icwecwe futhi okuqinile, amandla kakhulu, futhi ukusebenza super esitebeleni, okuqinisekisa okuqhubekayo futhi engenazo izinkinga ...
  • 3D Dynamic Focusing Laser Galvo Scanner Head | Without F-theta

    I-3D Dynamic egxile ku-Laser Galvo Scanner Head | Ngaphandle kwe-F-theta

    3 I-eksisi XYZ Laser Galvo Iskena Inhloko ngaphandle kwe-F-theta Lens ye-Large Field 2D ne-3D ukumaka indawo, ukusika… I-3D enamandla egxila ku-laser galvo isetshenziselwa ukusika kwe-laser, ukubhala i-laser, i-welding, ukubhola, ukukhiqiza okwengezelayo, isikhunta ukuthungwa, ukuqoshwa kokuqoshwa , kususa okokusebenza okuzenzakalelayo kwehabhu…. Izinsiza ze-Laser Ezitholakalayo: 355, 532,1064,10640nm njll. Ukucaciswa kwesithombe somkhiqizo 20 Series 30 Series 50 Series 20 Series 20 Series ...
  • SLA 3D UV Laser Printer Machine With Resin China

    Umshini we-SLA 3D UV Laser Printer Nge-Resin China

    Umshini Wokuphrinta Wokwengeza we-Stereolithography 3D UV Laser nge-Curable Resin Light Curing (SLA) ubuchwepheshe bokuphrinta be-3D obushesha kakhulu futhi obunemba kakhulu. I-ultraviolet laser ne-liquid ultraviolet elapha i-polymer enezithombe, i-resin enesithombe, isetshenziselwa ukuphrinta izingxenye. Ukulawula ukuskena kogongolo lwe-laser ku-resin liquid surface, i-resin liquid surface iyaqina yakha ifilimu enezingxenye zezingxenye eziskeniwe. Ngemuva kokuqinisa ungqimba owodwa, ungqimba lwe-liquid re ...